Breast Cancer The Most Common Cancer Type in Our Country and in the World

Breast Cancer The Most Common Cancer Type in Our Country and in the World

Breast Cancer The Most Common Cancer Type in Our Country and in the World
Upload date : 06.10.2020

1-31 October Breast Cancer Awareness Month


Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast grow uncontrollably. Almost all breast cancer occurs in women. However, breast cancer can also be seen in men. Breast cancer is the most common and also the most common type of cancer in women in our country and in the world. One out of every four women with cancer in our country is breast cancer.

Risk factors that can be changed in breast cancer related to lifestyle are as follows:

Being overweight or obese

Not getting enough physical activity (leading a sedentary life)

Never gave birth or had the first birth after the age of 30

Using birth control pills and injections

Receiving hormone therapy after menopause

Drinking alcohol: Especially consuming more than 1 glass of alcohol per day (1 beer, 1 glass of wine, 1 double hard alcohol drink) increases the risk more.

Risk factors that cannot be changed in breast cancer are:

Being a woman: Women are 100 times more likely to have breast cancer than men.

Getting older: The risk of breast cancer increases with increasing age.

Having certain inherited genes (especially BRCA1, BRCA2)

Having a family history of breast cancer: Having breast cancer in first-degree relatives (mother, sister, daughter) increases the risk twice. It is important to note that the majority of women (about 8 out of 10) with breast cancer do not have a family history of breast cancer.

Cancer in one breast: It increases the risk of cancer in the other breast and other parts of the same breast.

Having dense breast tissue

Benign breast formations (such as fibroadenoma)

Early menstruation (especially before the age of 12)

Entering menopause especially after the age of 55

Having received radiotherapy to the chest

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Knowing how your breasts normally look and feel is an important part of breast health. Catching breast cancer as early as possible offers a chance for successful treatment. However, knowing what to look for cannot replace regular mammograms and other screening tests. Screening tests help find breast cancer in its early stages before any symptoms appear.

The most common symptom of breast cancer is the palpation and feeling of a painless lump (mass) that grows over time. In addition, the following symptoms can be seen in breast cancer, whether there is a palpable lump (mass):

Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if a noticeable lump is not felt)

Pain in the breast or nipple

Inflammatory condition marked by itching and burning in the breast skin (eczema, yeast)

Receding nipple

Orange peel appearance on the breast

Irritation of the breast skin

Unilateral discharge from the nipple- especially bloody discharge

Swelling in some or all of the breast, shape change in the breast

Redness, crusting, thickening of the breast or nipple skin

Lump (mass) in the armpit, sometimes before you feel a lump in the breast, cancer can cause a lump or swelling in the armpit or around the collarbone

Although any of these symptoms are caused by things other than breast cancer, when symptoms appear, a general surgeon should be examined to find the cause.

Diagnosis:

Breast cancer may not show symptoms until it reaches advanced stages. Early diagnosis of breast cancer increases the chance of success and survival. The most important factor in early diagnosis is the awareness of the person on this issue. The following methods are used for early diagnosis:

Between the ages of 20-40: Monthly breast self-examination should be done. (The brochure for breast self-examination can be accessed at https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/tr/kanser-yayinlar/afis-brosur.) When one of the symptoms of breast cancer is seen, a doctor should be consulted immediately. In addition, a doctor should be visited every two years for a breast examination.

Aged 40-69; Breast self-examination should be done once a month, a doctor should be visited once a year for a breast examination and a mammogram should be done every two years.

Mammograms are performed free of charge at Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Education Centers (our KETEM addresses https://hsgm.saglik.gov.tr/tr/ketem) that exist in every province in our country In addition, training on breast self-examination and brochures are provided free of charge.


Treatment

The treatment of each patient is different; Multiple factors such as the location and stage of the disease, the age of the patient and other health problems are effective in the treatment decision. Different treatment options such as surgery, radiation therapy (radiotherapy) and drug therapy (chemotherapy) are used in breast cancer.


Protection

As with all cancers; healthy (rich in vegetables and fruits) eating habits, at least 150 minutes per week moderate (at least 10 minutes brisk walking, cycling

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